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What is life?  The moment this question is posed, philosophy sets in.  There is a thinker in every individual.  One has to merely look inside of them to realize their special philosophical rendition of any subject matter.  What all thinkers aim at is for a solution to the riddle called life.  But why look at life as a riddle to begin with?  Life exists and that should suffice.  The fact that life continues despite you or I, is proof that life has its special agenda to fulfill.  In such a continuation, life affirms itself;  I exist Since I too exist alongside with this thing called life, I too affirm, I exist. It is in such an affirmation that acceptance of everything by me is a validation to life.  In such a validation everything negative too is turned into positive.  This is what soul philosophy is about.  Soul knows no barriers.  The good and the bad, right and wrong, all have a place in the heart of the soul. 

Reason and logic is the domain of the mind.  When a question is asked, a solution or an answer is sought.  When an answer is placed before the questioner, the questioner  

either accepts or rejects the answer.  When the answer is accepted, logic is applied while so accepting, by the questioner.  When the answer is rejected, a reason is given for its rejection.  When both reason and logic go hand in hand, will relativity be far behind?  Which would then lead the questioner to compromise with this statement, One manís truth is another manís lie.  But if truth has so many different colors, and the soul has only one, is the truth with its varied hue be more lasting than the soulís truth? This truth of the mind, with its reason and logic and its relativity with its explanations and justifications limps along through life still finding the eternal, elusive answer to the question.

What is life?What are things made of? the question that most obsessed Thales, the philosopher.  While he concluded that the world is made of a single element, water, Heraclitus from the sixth century BC, pointed out, that the way up is the way down. This means that strife and contradiction are not to be avoided.  Which meant that Thales theory could be contradicted by Thales himself, at a later stage when he unearths the truth of what things are made of.  Heraclitusí philosophy that nothing remains static and that, change, rules the laws of the Universe in a way confirms Thales theory of everything being made of water.  Water too does not remain static and therefore susceptible to change and therefore all things that Heraclitus was theorizing about is subject to change.  Thus both the philosophersí theories are indirectly identical at the base of their theory. 

Pythagoras, the most famous of all the pre-Socratic philosophers, was a many-sided genius.  It was his theory of Pythagoras and his introduction of a square and a cube that led to the study of mathematics as a subject of study.  It was he who coined the word, theory. It was Pythagoras who brought mathematics to bear on philosophy with Descartes later 

inventing the graph to map out his theories and later generations theories and analysis too.  Truth then according to Pythagoras would have to be in mathematical terms, with the theory of Heraclitus that everything would be subject to change in this world.  Which would then mean that the mathematical rendition of truth is subject to change in this world.  

But truth, according to Xenophanes who came in the later part of the sixth century, truth he said no man has known it, nor shall he know it, because the final truth is but a web of guesses.  With this statement, Exenophanes dismissed the acquiring of truth through any means, be it the body, mind or the soul. 

Socrates, the master interrogator and seeker of truth, was known for walking the roads in search of truth.  He would see two friends walking on the road perhaps, arm in arm, and he would begin to question, "What is friendship? But it was his final question, What is justice? that led the state to inflict the severe punishment of death.  He however chose the mode of death by drinking the hemlock. 

This act of choosing death rather than stop the line of self-interrogation proved at least one thing, if not the truth of the matter that one should be true to oneself even in face of death. 

Plato was thirty-one years old when his teacher, Socrates was executed in 399 BC.  Plato was present during the courtroom trial of Socrates and was very affected by the entire proceedings.  Which led him to understand that there should be a world of existence that is ideal.  Perhaps his theory of ideal existence that presented a set of ideas for every scenario stemmed from the heart and not the mind?  A heart that was affected by Socratesí death?  A heart that is led by emotions and not cold calculations called mathematics?  And yet Plato was a strong advocate of mathematics.  Perhaps again, it was this presentation of ideas that led to the coining of the words, What if? and a new way of thinking evolved in the minds of the people.  That there could be another world. 

Because a what if? leads to a, there could be. scenario.  It was in his quest of ideas and an ideal existence that a place called, Atlantis, which was supposed to have been a world of ideal existence came into focus.  Platoís theory of the existence of a place called Atlantis, still has people of this millennium, looking for such a state, country or continent.  

The world of ideas eventually led people to a world of fantasies and a world of dreams which they would in course of time, try to make it their reality.  Which would again give rise to doubt regarding the statement made by Socrates of, be true to yourself.  A world of ideas of different people would then mean different truth, which would again indirectly prove Xenopnanesí theory of the truth being a web of guesses.  An idea, like a guess, is a supposition, which could or could not come into existence. 

Plato was hostile to the arts and said that life should aim at piercing the surface and art prevents that.  Yet Plato talked of an ideal world based on a set of ideas. 

Aristotle, was the pupil of Plato as Plato was to Socrates.  Aristotle, by rejecting the theory of Plato, that another ideal world existed, denied a world of ideas and guesses and suppositions.  According to Aristotle, only one world existed, the world that we live in, which is full of wonder and mystery.  It was probably this teaching to the great Alexander, to whom Aristotle was a teacher that led Alexander to attempt to quickly conquer the entire world. 

The weak are always anxious for justice and equality, while the strong pay no heed to either, opined Aristotle.  Alexander the great, was a good pupil and desirous to put his teacherís opinion to practice.  He went about acquiring real estate without any desire for justice or equality or patience for that matter.  He wanted to be strong and great.  

Alexander achieved this.  He is known today, in the modern world as ,  

 Alexander the Great. Aristotle said, Man is by nature, a political animal. Later generations the world over, the world of wonder and the only known world according to Aristotle would eventually put that opinion to practice too.  Manís Governments and policies that man as a political animal contributed to the world would proved Aristotle true.  And that was Aristotleís truth.  A truth that eventually came to be, which would lead one to again counter question, does a truth exist on its own or does it come about to exist based on anotherís truth? and in this case, Aristotleís truth.

Everywhere that Alexander went his lamb was sure to go.  The lamb in this case, was Alexanderís truth.  For, he believed in establishing colonies and governments and colonizing the entire world.  Which led Diogenes, the first cynic to deliberately defy rules and conventions laid down by such ruling bodies established by Alexander.  Diogenes proclaimed,  am a citizen of the world.  In so saying, he found his truth.

Then came the Scepticists led by one of Alexander the Greatís soldiers.  They said, We suspend judgment at first. This is what is followed by courts the world over in the modern world, today.  The courts of the present age believe in suspension of judgments until proven guilty based on the truth of the case.  The truth as is presented before a body of people. 

The Stoics followed the Epicureans.  The stoics believed in endurance as their ultimate truth.  To remain calm in lifeís many travails until such a time that it became unbearable was what they advocated.  But they had a lease from such a stoic behavior.  People were given the permission to end their own lives once they could no longer endure all that was heaped on them.

Philosophies were followed by religion.  Religion came up with various theories of hell and heaven and a world that is similar to what Plato believed in.  In the case of the religious beliefs however, the world of paradise was not on earth but after life and in another world.  The good would attain heaven and the bad would go to hell and be burnt for punishments committed on earth.  Religions the world over all agree on one common denominator, of the existence of hell and heaven, bad and evil, wrong and right, and a God that would discern the ultimate truth and send the bad to hell.

This led to another section of belief that of non-belief or disbelief in religion.  This section of people is in the modern world called ,atheists.  Along with the atheists, a new breed of people emerged, the scientists, who believed that everything could be explained, including the truth.  God they said, much to the annoyance of religion and the practitioners of religious beliefs, does not exist.  Isaac Newton, the father of 

science heralded this new breed of scientists.  While Newton explained the laws of the Universe in three of his most famous principles, and boiled it all down to matter; Thomas Hobbes, the first modern materialist further validated that point.  He said that there is nothing but matter and saw the human mind as a machine.  He went up to the extent of considering the entire Universe as a vast machine.  We can safely deduce that a machine churned out Hobbesí truth.  His fascination for bodies in motion as machines was so great that his last words were, I am about to take my last voyage in a great leap in the dark. Thus his machine was put out of use in that last motion.

Rene Descartes, the French thinker, philosopher, is best known for his famous words, I think therefore I am.  He brought about a new school of thought that belonged to the rationalist school.  Here, importance was given to common sense.  Going by Descartes line of thinking a deduction can be made about his version of the truth.  Truth would then mean to him what common sense would dictate.  A sense that is helped by all the other sensory organs like the ears, nose, mouth, eyes and the touch.  Aided by all this a common sense would evolve and deliver the truth.  One would then have to breathe, see, smell, eat, and feel the object or subject or idea, to know discern the truth. 

Benedict Spinoza, was only twenty-four when he developed a deep interest in philosophy.  His writings made him famous and was even offered a Professorship of Philosophy at Heidelberg University but he turned it down because of his deeper interest in the optics.  He preferred to polish and shine lenses and lead a solitary life.  This in turn helped him immensely in thinking.  Out of his new interest of polishing and shining lenses, he developed an interest in astronomy and gazing at the stars from the polished microscopes.  Being a deeply religious man, he saw a design in the stars that he observed through the microscopic lens and saw God as the cause of all things.  God he felt designed the entire Universe and then stepped back to allow it follow the design that it was set on. 

Truth then for Spinoza, would have to have already been designed by God, and whoever believed in such an entity would learn the truth. 

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was not only a great philosopher but a great mathematician as well.  His famous calculus was made to even calculate the truth.  There are two kinds of truths, he opined, truths of reasoning and truths of fact.  With this observation, he set logic revolving on its axis.  Liebniz also made another famous observation called the principle of sufficient reason.  He said, that for everything there has to be a sufficient reason why it is the case.  In our modern day observations, it could well mean that if an individual X says something nasty about Y, X has sufficient reason to be saying this.  In this way, Liebniz may have given rise to another term that we now use, justification.  X would then be justified in saying nasty things about Y because he has a reason given to him by Liebniz.

The Empiricist were the next to arrive on the philosophical scene.  John Locke, the supreme Liberal who belonged to the empirical school of thought made this observation, No manís knowledge can go beyond his experience.If one were to take this view to discern what truth means, one would then have to be experience enough to have the knowledge of finding out the truth.

The French philosopher Voltaire in his very bold rendition of the truth, tore down the very fabric of hypocrisy by satirizing the entire concept of the truth and making a mockery of it.  This made him a supremely annoying philosopher and was later ridiculed for his appearance.  Voltaireís new and inventive method of looking at the truth gave a new dimension of viewing objects and subjects.  Thenceforth, even tragedies began to be viewed as comedies and the truth then started on its comical journey.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that judgements should be based on feelings rather than reason.  Feelings, according to Rousseau, are what the heart dictated to the senses and the senses to the heart.  Truth then would have to be what the heart feels.

Immanuel Kant, the German philosopher came up with free will that talked about man having the free will to do as he chose to do.  The existence of God was something that could neither be proved nor disproved according to Kant.  Nietzsche, one of the most original thinkers of all times comes closest to the truth.  He considered the entire Universe as a big glob of energy out to destroy everything and which can neither be tamed nor destroyed.  Nietzsche has the clear distinction of being the only philosopher to shred every piece of information in order to discern truth.  In the end, he began to doubt his own theories and observations in order to find out the truth in its raw form.  His famous words, God is dead, although were distorted out of proportion, makes him the only philosopher who fearlessly went about finding truth, based on that assumption.  That was his starting point to find the truth and not merely to fling observations. 

Gautama Buddha, the modern day philosopher said, Happy is he who has overcome his ego Who has attained peace Who has found the truth.  Buddhaís light of knowledge sprung by renouncing his worldly riches in quest for the truth.  He discarded the ego as he felt that it was the cause of all sufferings, he found peace in the act of not pursuing worldly objects and he found the truth within himself.  He had however, found his truth after he saw people suffering from disease and poverty.  Thus, it was the external that caused him to search for the meaning of the truth.  Which again leads us back to Descartesí square one, and the observation made by John Locke who said, No manís knowledge can go beyond his experience .When the question, What is existence is asked, the truth of what existence is, really means, what existence means to

an individual in his/her terms.  Not a generally accepted view of what life is or existence is.  Life and existence always is, it does not disappear.  What existence or life means is quite different from what life and existence is.  We attach meanings and value to a thing, subject or object in question and give that importance.  It is what the subject or object means to us.  The subject or object remains as it is, but it is the human mind that tries to see what that means to him/her.  And that is the truth.  The truth is and we try to see what it means to us.  It is when in trying to get it to mean something to us that the truth is lost to us.  It is lost to us, but it always is, as it never disappears. 

Soul philosophy does not have any ism or rationality or thought applied to it.  It just is.  The soul feels, not with emotion, but with instinct.  An instinct that is not of the sense realm.  It is an instinct that stems from action an action that does not think or pause.  This action is quite distinct from reactions.  Action is the language of the soul, while reaction is the language of the mind fed by the sense realm.  Action does not wait to deliver it delivers.  Action is goal oriented and not result oriented.  And the goal is to attain physical immortality, the sole aim of the soul.  For, life will continue to construct and destroy until it is given an agenda and a game plan.  Energy will create matter, the same matter that Isaac Newton talked about, and matter will again get converted to energy.  But in this process of conversion, there will be a series of construction and destruction.  It is for the very purpose to negate destruction that the soul seeks the human mind to give energy a positive direction to contain destruction and continue with construction. 

Energy, according to Nietzsche, cannot be destroyed.  He saw it as monstrous mass that creates and destroys.  To further what Nietzsche saw and observed; beating it at its own game can contain this energy.  To create by thought and to contain destruction by thought leading it to non-thought to finally lead energy to give life physical immortality.
Soul philosophy is for the mass because energy equals mass consciousness.  It is in such a congregation of the mass that consciousness rises up to a single point of focus and captures energy, releasing energy from its cycle of creation and destruction.  It is only when energy is released from this cycle that physical immortality is achieved.

 

 



   
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