What is life? The moment this question is posed, philosophy sets in. There is a thinker in every individual. One has to merely look inside of them to realize their special philosophical rendition of any subject matter. What all thinkers aim at is for a solution to the riddle called life. But why look at life as a riddle to begin with? Life exists and that should suffice. The fact that life continues despite you or I, is proof that life has its special agenda to fulfill. In such a continuation, life affirms itself; I exist Since I too exist alongside with this thing called life, I too affirm, I exist. It is in such an affirmation that acceptance of everything by me is a validation to life. In such a validation everything negative too is turned into positive. This is what soul philosophy is about. Soul knows no barriers. The good and the bad, right and wrong, all have a place in the heart of the soul.
Reason and logic is the domain of the mind. When a question is asked, a solution or an answer is sought. When an answer is placed before the questioner, the questioner
either accepts or rejects the answer. When the answer is accepted, logic is applied while so accepting, by the questioner. When the answer is rejected, a reason is given for its rejection. When both reason and logic go hand in hand, will relativity be far behind? Which would then lead the questioner to compromise with this statement, One man’s truth is another man’s lie. But if truth has so many different colors, and the soul has only one, is the truth with its varied hue be more lasting than the soul’s truth? This truth of the mind, with its reason and logic and its relativity with its explanations and justifications limps along through life still finding the eternal, elusive answer to the question.
truth, according to Xenophanes who came in the later part of the sixth
century, truth he said
man has known it, nor shall he know it, because the final truth is
but a web of guesses. With
this statement, Exenophanes dismissed the acquiring of truth through
any means, be it the body, mind or the soul.
the master interrogator and seeker of truth, was known for walking
the roads in search of truth.
He would see two friends walking on the road perhaps, arm in
arm, and he would begin to question, "What is friendship?
But it was his final question, What is justice? that led the
state to inflict the severe punishment of death.
He however chose the mode of death by drinking the hemlock.
act of choosing death rather than stop the line of self-interrogation
proved at least one thing, if not the truth of the matter that one
should be true to oneself even in face of death.
world of ideas eventually led people to a world of fantasies and a
world of dreams which they would in course of time, try to make it
their reality. Which
would again give rise to doubt regarding the statement made by Socrates
of, be true to yourself. A
world of ideas of different people would then mean different truth,
which would again indirectly prove Xenopnanes’ theory of the truth
being a web of guesses. An
idea, like a guess, is a supposition, which could or could not come
was hostile to the arts and said that life should aim at piercing
the surface and art prevents that.
Yet Plato talked of an ideal world based on a set of ideas.
that Alexander went his lamb was sure to go.
The lamb in this case, was Alexander’s truth. For, he believed in establishing colonies and governments and
colonizing the entire world.
Which led Diogenes, the first cynic to deliberately defy rules
and conventions laid down by such ruling bodies established by Alexander.
Diogenes proclaimed, am a citizen of the world.
In so saying, he found his truth.
came the Scepticists led by one of Alexander the Great’s soldiers.
They said, We suspend judgment at first.
This is what is followed by courts the world over in the modern
world, today. The courts of the present age believe in suspension of judgments
until proven guilty based on the truth of the case. The truth as is presented before a body of people.
Stoics followed the Epicureans.
The stoics believed in endurance as their ultimate truth. To remain calm in life’s many travails until such a time that
it became unbearable was what they advocated.
But they had a lease from such a stoic behavior.
People were given the permission to end their own lives once
they could no longer endure all that was heaped on them.
Descartes, the French thinker, philosopher, is best known for his
famous words, I think therefore I am.
He brought about a new school of thought that belonged to the
rationalist school. Here,
importance was given to common sense.
Going by Descartes line of thinking a deduction can be made
about his version of the truth.
Truth would then mean to him what common sense would dictate.
A sense that is helped by all the other sensory organs like
the ears, nose, mouth, eyes and the touch.
Aided by all this a common sense would evolve and deliver the
truth. One would then
have to breathe, see, smell, eat, and feel the object or subject or
idea, to know discern the truth.
Spinoza, was only twenty-four when he developed a deep interest in
philosophy. His writings
made him famous and was even offered a Professorship of Philosophy
at Heidelberg University but he turned it down because of his deeper
interest in the optics. He
preferred to polish and shine lenses and lead a solitary life.
This in turn helped him immensely in thinking. Out of his new interest of polishing and shining lenses, he
developed an interest in astronomy and gazing at the stars from the
polished microscopes. Being
a deeply religious man, he saw a design in the stars that he observed
through the microscopic lens and saw God as the cause of all things.
God he felt designed the entire Universe and then stepped back
to allow it follow the design that it was set on.
then for Spinoza, would have to have already been designed by God,
and whoever believed in such an entity would learn the truth.
Empiricist were the next to arrive on the philosophical scene.
John Locke, the supreme Liberal who belonged to the empirical
school of thought made this observation, No man’s knowledge can go
beyond his experience.If one were to take this view to discern what
truth means, one would then have to be experience enough to have the
knowledge of finding out the truth.
French philosopher Voltaire in his very bold rendition of the truth,
tore down the very fabric of hypocrisy by satirizing the entire concept
of the truth and making a mockery of it.
This made him a supremely annoying philosopher and was later
ridiculed for his appearance.
Voltaire’s new and inventive method of looking at the truth
gave a new dimension of viewing objects and subjects.
Thenceforth, even tragedies began to be viewed as comedies
and the truth then started on its comical journey.
Rousseau believed that judgements should be based on feelings rather
than reason. Feelings,
according to Rousseau, are what the heart dictated to the senses and
the senses to the heart. Truth
then would have to be what the heart feels.
Kant, the German philosopher came up with free will that talked about
man having the free will to do as he chose to do.
The existence of God was something that could neither be proved
nor disproved according to Kant.
philosophy does not have any ism or rationality or thought applied
to it. It just is. The soul feels, not with emotion, but with instinct.
An instinct that is not of the sense realm.
It is an instinct that stems from action an action that does
not think or pause. This action is quite distinct from reactions.
Action is the language of the soul, while reaction is the language
of the mind fed by the sense realm.
Action does not wait to deliver it delivers.
Action is goal oriented and not result oriented.
And the goal is to attain physical immortality, the sole aim
of the soul. For, life
will continue to construct and destroy until it is given an agenda
and a game plan. Energy will create matter, the same matter that Isaac Newton
talked about, and matter will again get converted to energy.
But in this process of conversion, there will be a series of
construction and destruction. It is for the very purpose to negate destruction that the soul
seeks the human mind to give energy a positive direction to contain
destruction and continue with construction.
according to Nietzsche, cannot be destroyed.
He saw it as monstrous mass that creates and destroys.
To further what Nietzsche saw and observed; beating it at its
own game can contain this energy. To create by thought and to contain destruction by thought
leading it to non-thought to finally lead energy to give life physical